Android判断文件类型(视频、音频、图片等)

MediaFile.java
package com.jaycee.vplayer.util;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Iterator;
/**
 * 判断文件类型
 * MediaScanner helper class.
 */
public class MediaFile {
    // comma separated list of all file extensions supported by the media scanner
    public static String sFileExtensions;
    // Audio file types
    public static final int FILE_TYPE_MP3     = 1;
    public static final int FILE_TYPE_M4A     = 2;
    public static final int FILE_TYPE_WAV     = 3;
    public static final int FILE_TYPE_AMR     = 4;
    public static final int FILE_TYPE_AWB     = 5;
    public static final int FILE_TYPE_WMA     = 6;
    public static final int FILE_TYPE_OGG     = 7;
    private static final int FIRST_AUDIO_FILE_TYPE = FILE_TYPE_MP3;
    private static final int LAST_AUDIO_FILE_TYPE = FILE_TYPE_OGG;
    // MIDI file types
    public static final int FILE_TYPE_MID     = 11;
    public static final int FILE_TYPE_SMF     = 12;
    public static final int FILE_TYPE_IMY     = 13;
    private static final int FIRST_MIDI_FILE_TYPE = FILE_TYPE_MID;
    private static final int LAST_MIDI_FILE_TYPE = FILE_TYPE_IMY;
      
    // Video file types
    public static final int FILE_TYPE_MP4     = 21;
    public static final int FILE_TYPE_M4V     = 22;
    public static final int FILE_TYPE_3GPP    = 23;
    public static final int FILE_TYPE_3GPP2   = 24;
    public static final int FILE_TYPE_WMV     = 25;
    private static final int FIRST_VIDEO_FILE_TYPE = FILE_TYPE_MP4;
    private static final int LAST_VIDEO_FILE_TYPE = FILE_TYPE_WMV;
       
    // Image file types
    public static final int FILE_TYPE_JPEG    = 31;
    public static final int FILE_TYPE_GIF     = 32;
    public static final int FILE_TYPE_PNG     = 33;
    public static final int FILE_TYPE_BMP     = 34;
    public static final int FILE_TYPE_WBMP    = 35;
    private static final int FIRST_IMAGE_FILE_TYPE = FILE_TYPE_JPEG;
    private static final int LAST_IMAGE_FILE_TYPE = FILE_TYPE_WBMP;
      
    // Playlist file types
    public static final int FILE_TYPE_M3U     = 41;
    public static final int FILE_TYPE_PLS     = 42;
    public static final int FILE_TYPE_WPL     = 43;
    private static final int FIRST_PLAYLIST_FILE_TYPE = FILE_TYPE_M3U;
    private static final int LAST_PLAYLIST_FILE_TYPE = FILE_TYPE_WPL;
       
    //静态内部类
    static class MediaFileType {
       
        int fileType;
        String mimeType;
           
        MediaFileType(int fileType, String mimeType) {
            this.fileType = fileType;
            this.mimeType = mimeType;
        }
    }
       
    private static HashMap<String, MediaFileType> sFileTypeMap
            = new HashMap<String, MediaFileType>();
    private static HashMap<String, Integer> sMimeTypeMap
            = new HashMap<String, Integer>();           
    static void addFileType(String extension, int fileType, String mimeType) {
        sFileTypeMap.put(extension, new MediaFileType(fileType, mimeType));
        sMimeTypeMap.put(mimeType, new Integer(fileType));
    }
    static {
        addFileType("MP3", FILE_TYPE_MP3, "audio/mpeg");
        addFileType("M4A", FILE_TYPE_M4A, "audio/mp4");
        addFileType("WAV", FILE_TYPE_WAV, "audio/x-wav");
        addFileType("AMR", FILE_TYPE_AMR, "audio/amr");
        addFileType("AWB", FILE_TYPE_AWB, "audio/amr-wb");
        addFileType("WMA", FILE_TYPE_WMA, "audio/x-ms-wma");   
        addFileType("OGG", FILE_TYPE_OGG, "application/ogg");   
    
        addFileType("MID", FILE_TYPE_MID, "audio/midi");
        addFileType("XMF", FILE_TYPE_MID, "audio/midi");
        addFileType("RTTTL", FILE_TYPE_MID, "audio/midi");
        addFileType("SMF", FILE_TYPE_SMF, "audio/sp-midi");
        addFileType("IMY", FILE_TYPE_IMY, "audio/imelody");
           
        addFileType("MP4", FILE_TYPE_MP4, "video/mp4");
        addFileType("M4V", FILE_TYPE_M4V, "video/mp4");
        addFileType("3GP", FILE_TYPE_3GPP, "video/3gpp");
        addFileType("3GPP", FILE_TYPE_3GPP, "video/3gpp");
        addFileType("3G2", FILE_TYPE_3GPP2, "video/3gpp2");
        addFileType("3GPP2", FILE_TYPE_3GPP2, "video/3gpp2");
        addFileType("WMV", FILE_TYPE_WMV, "video/x-ms-wmv");
        addFileType("JPG", FILE_TYPE_JPEG, "image/jpeg");
        addFileType("JPEG", FILE_TYPE_JPEG, "image/jpeg");
        addFileType("GIF", FILE_TYPE_GIF, "image/gif");
        addFileType("PNG", FILE_TYPE_PNG, "image/png");
        addFileType("BMP", FILE_TYPE_BMP, "image/x-ms-bmp");
        addFileType("WBMP", FILE_TYPE_WBMP, "image/vnd.wap.wbmp");
    
        addFileType("M3U", FILE_TYPE_M3U, "audio/x-mpegurl");
        addFileType("PLS", FILE_TYPE_PLS, "audio/x-scpls");
        addFileType("WPL", FILE_TYPE_WPL, "application/vnd.ms-wpl");
        // compute file extensions list for native Media Scanner
        StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder();
        Iterator<String> iterator = sFileTypeMap.keySet().iterator();
           
        while (iterator.hasNext()) {
            if (builder.length() > 0) {
                builder.append(',');
            }
            builder.append(iterator.next());
        }
        sFileExtensions = builder.toString();
    }
       
    public static final String UNKNOWN_STRING = "<unknown>";
       
    public static boolean isAudioFileType(int fileType) {
        return ((fileType >= FIRST_AUDIO_FILE_TYPE &&
                fileType <= LAST_AUDIO_FILE_TYPE) ||
                (fileType >= FIRST_MIDI_FILE_TYPE &&
                fileType <= LAST_MIDI_FILE_TYPE));
    }
       
    public static boolean isVideoFileType(int fileType) {
        return (fileType >= FIRST_VIDEO_FILE_TYPE &&
                fileType <= LAST_VIDEO_FILE_TYPE);
    }
       
    public static boolean isImageFileType(int fileType) {
        return (fileType >= FIRST_IMAGE_FILE_TYPE &&
                fileType <= LAST_IMAGE_FILE_TYPE);
    }
       
    public static boolean isPlayListFileType(int fileType) {
        return (fileType >= FIRST_PLAYLIST_FILE_TYPE &&
                fileType <= LAST_PLAYLIST_FILE_TYPE);
    }
       
    public static MediaFileType getFileType(String path) {
        int lastDot = path.lastIndexOf(".");
        if (lastDot < 0)
            return null;
        return sFileTypeMap.get(path.substring(lastDot + 1).toUpperCase());
    }
    //根据视频文件路径判断文件类型
    public static boolean isVideoFileType(String path) {  //自己增加
        MediaFileType type = getFileType(path);
        if(null != type) {
            return isVideoFileType(type.fileType);
        }
        return false;
    }
    //根据音频文件路径判断文件类型
    public static boolean isAudioFileType(String path) {  //自己增加
        MediaFileType type = getFileType(path);
        if(null != type) {
            return isAudioFileType(type.fileType);
        }
        return false;
    }
    //根据mime类型查看文件类型
    public static int getFileTypeForMimeType(String mimeType) {
        Integer value = sMimeTypeMap.get(mimeType);
        return (value == null ? 0 : value.intValue());
    }
}


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